Convertible Senior Notes Payable
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2017
|Convertible Senior Notes Payable [Abstract]|
|Convertible Senior Notes Payable||
Note 8—Convertible Senior Notes Payable
Convertible Senior Notes payable consisted of the following as of June 30, 2017:
In the fourth quarter of 2016, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement pursuant to which it issued a new series of convertible senior secured notes (collectively the “2016 Senior Notes”) and related warrants, and entered into amendment agreements related to its 2015 Senior Notes and the convertible unsecured promissory notes of the Company issued in September 2016 (the “Convertible Unsecured Notes”), as described in Note 9 below. The Company issued and sold new 2016 Senior Notes with a face value of $3,747,000 and an original issue discount of $375,000 for gross cash proceeds of $3,372,000. Additionally, the Company amended and restated the 2015 Senior Notes, the aggregate principal amount of which was $5,000,000 prior to such amendment and restatement. Upon the amendment and restatement of the 2015 Senior Notes, the face value of such 2015 Senior Notes was $5,556,000 with an original issue discount of $556,000. The Company refers to the 2016 Senior Notes and the amended and restated 2015 Senior Notes, collectively, as the “Senior Notes”. The Senior Notes are fully secured by all assets of the Company and the Company’s subsidiaries. The Senior Notes are convertible at a price per share of $2.50, which is adjustable upon a Company stock split, reverse split, or common share dividend. In conjunction with the issuance and/or amendment and restatement, as applicable, of the aggregate face value of $9,302,000 of the Senior Notes, the Company issued five-year warrants to purchase up to 3,720,839 shares of the Company’s common stock at $3.00 per share, which were valued using Black-Scholes option pricing model at $6,003,000. We allocated the fair value of these warrants and the conversion feature of the Senior Notes to debt discount as follows: $3,495,000 allocated to detachable warrants and $4,133,000 allocated to the conversion feature. We recorded an additional debt discount of $930,000 for the original issue discount, resulting in a debt discount recorded at issuance of $8,558,000. We will amortize this discount to interest expense over the expected remaining life of the Senior Notes, which mature on December 31, 2018.
We incurred $479,000 of offering costs in conjunction with the issuance and sale of the 2016 Senior Notes and amendment and restatement of the 2015 Senior Notes, consisting of $298,000 of placement agent fees and costs and $181,000 of legal and professional fees. We will amortize the offering costs to interest expense over the expected remaining life of the Senior Notes.
Upon an Event of Default, the Senior Notes will bear interest at a rate of 10% per annum. The Senior Notes will mature on December 31, 2018 and rank senior to the Convertible Unsecured Notes. The Senior Notes are convertible at the option of the holder into the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $2.50 (as subject to adjustment therein) and will automatically convert into shares of the Company’s common stock on the fifth trading day immediately following the issuance date of the Senior Notes on which (i) the Weighted Average Price (as defined in the Senior Notes) of the Company’s common stock for each trading day during a twenty trading day period equals or exceeds $5.00 (as adjusted for any stock dividend, stock split, stock combination, reclassification or similar transaction) and no Equity Conditions Failure (as defined in the Senior Notes) has occurred. The Senior Notes also contain a blocker provision that prevents the Company from effecting a conversion in the event that the holder, together with certain affiliated parties, would beneficially own in excess of either 4.99% or 9.99%, with such threshold determined by the holder prior to issuance, of the shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding immediately after giving effect to such conversion.
Upon an Event of Default and delivery to the holder of the Senior Note of notice thereof, such holder may require the Company to redeem all or any portion of its Senior Note at a price equal to 115% of the Conversion Amount (as defined in the Senior Notes) being redeemed. Additionally, upon a Change of Control and delivery to the holder of the Senior Note of notice thereof, such holder may also require the Company to redeem all or any portion of its Senior Note at a price equal to 115% of the Conversion Amount being redeemed. Further, at any time from and after January 1, 2018 and provided that the Company has not received either (i) initial deposits for at least eight 2 MW Power Oxidizer units or (ii) firm purchase orders totaling not less than $3,500,000 and initial payment collections of at least $1,600,000, in each case during the period commencing on the issuance date of the 2016 Senior Notes and ending on December 31, 2017, the holder of the Senior Note may require the Company to redeem all or any portion of its Senior Note at a price equal to 100% of the Conversion Amount being redeemed.
At any time after the issuance date of the Senior Notes, the Company may redeem all or any portion of the then outstanding principal and accrued and unpaid interest with respect to such principal, at 100% of such aggregate amount; provided, however, that the aggregate Conversion Amount to be redeemed pursuant to all Senior Notes must be at least $500,000, or such lesser amount as is then outstanding. The portion of the Senior Note(s) to be redeemed shall be redeemed at a price equal to the greater of (i) 110% of the Conversion Amount of the Senior Note being redeemed and (ii) the product of (A) the Conversion Amount being redeemed and (B) the quotient determined by dividing (I) the greatest Weighted Average Price (as defined in the Senior Notes) of the shares of the Company’s common stock during the period beginning on the date immediately preceding the date of the notice of such redemption by the Company and ending on the date on which the redemption by the Company occurs by (II) the lowest Conversion Price (as defined in the Senior Notes) in effect during such period.
The Senior Notes contain a provision that prevents the Company from entering into or becoming party to a Fundamental Transaction (as defined in the Senior Notes) unless the Company’s successor entity assumes all of the Company’s obligations under the Senior Notes and the related transaction documents (the “Transaction Documents”) pursuant to written agreements in form and substance satisfactory to at least a certain number of holders of the Senior Notes.
In connection with foregoing, Ener-Core Power, Inc., the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, entered into a Guaranty, pursuant to which it agreed to guarantee all of the obligations of the Company under the securities purchase agreement for the 2016 Senior Notes, the Senior Notes and the Transaction Documents.
In connection with the issuance and sale of the 2016 Senior Notes, the Company entered into a Registration Rights Agreement with the investors (the “Registration Rights Agreement”), pursuant to which the Company is required to file one or more registration statements with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) to register for resale by the investors the shares issuable upon conversion of the 2016 Senior Notes (the “Conversion Shares”) and shares underlying certain warrants issued to the holders of the 2016 Senior Notes (the “Warrant Shares”), and use its best efforts to maintain the effectiveness of such registration statement(s). The Company was required to file the first such registration statement promptly following the initial closing date under the securities purchase agreement for the 2016 Senior Notes, which occurred on December 2, 2016, but in no event later than the date that is forty-five (45) days after such initial closing date. The Registration Rights Agreement required the Company to obtain effectiveness of the required registration statement by specified deadlines contained in the Registration Rights Agreement. The Company complied with its obligation to file such registration statement on January 17, 2017 and the SEC declared such registration statement effective on February 21, 2017.
During the six months ended June 30, 2017, two holders of Senior Notes converted $60,000 of principal into 24,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. As a result of these conversions, the Company incurred a loss of $53,000, representing the unamortized debt discount and deferred financing fees.
The entire disclosure for information about short-term and long-term debt arrangements, which includes amounts of borrowings under each line of credit, note payable, commercial paper issue, bonds indenture, debenture issue, own-share lending arrangements and any other contractual agreement to repay funds, and about the underlying arrangements, rationale for a classification as long-term, including repayment terms, interest rates, collateral provided, restrictions on use of assets and activities, whether or not in compliance with debt covenants, and other matters important to users of the financial statements, such as the effects of refinancing and noncompliance with debt covenants.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef